There are many Mars mission concepts which aim to explore the Red Planet in order to help determine if Mars ever hosted life. Some missions even include robotic explorers of Mars, as well as a space capsule that travel to the Red Planet to capture a sample from Mars. However, the greatest of these missions is NASA’s Space Launch System and the Journey to Mars (Journey). These plans all promise to make Mars a lot more accessible to future astronauts.
The Mars 2020 project addresses several high-priority science objectives for Mars exploration, namely high-impact science questions about how life could exist on Mars and the potential for life on other planets. The Perseverance Rover will carry an entirely separate system to gather and process Martian soil and rock samples for future study, and a new robotic arm with a rack of collection containers will carry out this task. Another robotic system will be able to analyze the samples with spectroscopy, and another will take a sample from the Martian atmosphere. The data obtained from this study may tell scientists how to better protect human explorers from the effects of Martian radiation. There will also be an instrument called the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN which can tell scientists about Mars’ atmospheric properties.
In addition to NASA’s plan for a manned mission to Mars, there have also been plans to send robotic explorers, either unmanned or manned, to the Red Planet. The European Space Agency plans to build an unmanned space probe and land on Mars in 2020. The European Space Agency’s ExoMars mission will use four different Mars orbiters to study the planet up close, and it will even allow scientists to examine the planet’s mineral composition and the composition of the atmosphere itself.
There are also plans for missions to land on Venus and Mars, and for one of the future explorers to travel all the way to the moon. The European Space Agency has a plan called the Venus Express mission, which aims to land on Venus and collect data about the planet’s atmosphere. This mission will also take a sample from Mars’ surface, and it will use a laser instrument to identify the minerals on Mars’ surface, which may be similar to those on Earth. and on the moon.
The ultimate goal of all these ventures is to answer the question of whether Mars was once hospitable to life and we know the answers to this. by studying Mars’ geology, the conditions there at various points of the planet’s history, and its climate. If the planet once hosted life then it is a prime candidate for supporting life today’s technologies, which can only be achieved by studying the planet’s past.